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Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans' organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere..............much of this information is not even known elsewhere.
 

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 14 Jan 1936
     
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
 1 Feb 1936 M29421 10 Sep 1944
     
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
hew crew Erekli, Turkey  

             No men lost

Commanders of U-20 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Eckermann Hans FK   1 Feb 1936   U-A  
Rigele Hermann FK     U-10, U-17, U-31, UD-1 and UD-2  
Pauckstadt Hans FK      U-18, U-34, U-30, U-34 (2nd time) and U-193  
Paulshen Otto KK     U-557 KIA aboard U-557
Strater Wolfgang Kplt     U-83 and U-614 KIA aboard U-614
Nolke Kurt KK     U-263 KIA aboard U-263
Schauenberg H. KK     U-577 KIA aboard U-577
Driver Heinrich KK     U-23, U-145 and U-371  
Möhle Karl Heinz KK     U-123  
von Klot-
    Heydenfeldt
Harro Kplt 17 Jan 1940   U-4 and U-102 KIA aboard U-102
Zetzsche Hans-Jürgen Kplt     U-4, U-560 and U-591  
Schöler Clemens Kplt 27 May 1943   U-24  
Grafen Karl Oblt zS 1 Nov 1943      

U-20 was initially attached to the U-Bootflottille Lohs and the 1st U-Bootflottille then based at Kiel.  In June 1940, she was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based in Pillau as a Schulboot (school boat) until September 1942.  This was one of the six Type II-B boats that were decommissioned and disassembled then shipped by rivers and autobahn to the Rumanian coast.  U-20 and the other five were reconstructed and recommissioned into the 30th U-Bootflottille based out of Costanzia, Rumania to attack Soviet shipping on the Black Sea.

While with the 1st U-Bootflottille, U-20 had several patrols in the North Sea, particularly off Northeastern Scotland in October 1939 and also January 1940.  She laid mines off Yarmouth, England over the night of 21 November 1939.

SPECIAL NOTE; MORE INFORMATION - There is much more information on this boat and others in our book "The Rare Types".   CLICK HERE for more information on this boat.

U-20
was recommissioned in the 30th U-Bootflottille on the Black Sea and she had seven Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the Black Sea against Soviet shipping including minelaying off the Caucasus on 20 September 1943 and again on 27 February 1944.  She was with the 30th U-Bootflottille until the Red Army was closing in on their base.  This boat was sailed across the Black Sea and the crew scuttled her off the Turkish coast near Erekli.

                  SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Möhle commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
29 November 1939 IONIAN   * England Freighter 3,114 tons
  9 December 1939 MAGNUS Denmark Freighter 1,339 tons
10 December 1939 WILLOWPOOL  * England Freighter 4,815 tons
13 January 1940 SYLVIA Sweden Freighter 1,524 tons

   * IONIAN and WILLOWPOOL ran onto mines laid by U-20 on 22 November 1939.

                  SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (von Klot Heydenfeldt commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
27 January 1940 FARO Norway Freighter    844 tons
27 January 1940 FREDENSBORG Denmark Freighter 2,094 tons
27 January 1940 ENGLAND Denmark Freighter 2,319 tons
27 January 1940 HOSANGER Norway Freighter 1,591 tons
29 February 1940 MARIA ROSA Italy Freighter 4,211 tons
  1 March 1940 MIRELLA Italy Freighter 5,430 tons
FREDENBORG PESTEL


                  SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Schöler commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
30 September1943 unknown Soviet Freighter    800 tons

                  SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Grafen commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
16 January 1944 unknown Soviet Tanker 1,500 tons
19 June 1944 PESTEL Soviet Freighter 1,850 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons


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Many thanks to our friend and Sharkhunters Member since 1987 GEORG HÖGEL for all the conning tower emblems used in our monthly KTB Magazine and also here on the pages of our website.  GEORG was radioman aboard U-30, the first boat into combat, the first to sink a ship (the liner ATHENIA) and the first into an occupied French port.  When that Skipper (Lemp) took command of U-110, GEORG was one of the former crew to transfer to the new boat under Lemp.  After the war, he was Professor of Art at a major German university.