Type II-A German U-Boat

Remember, this is a misnomer because the first of a U-Boat type did not have the “A” after it. The Type II was merely the Type II, and they were used mainly as training submarines because of their very short range.  This was the first of the ‘dugout canoes‘ as their crews called them. This Type was based on the German UB II boats of World War One and the Finnish VESIKKO. Only six were built, U-1 through U-6. The Type II-A was a twin shaft diesel-electric submarine of rather short range. The Type II-A carried six torpedoes or eight mines.

Displacement: 254/303 tons
Power (diesel): 700hp
Bunkers: 12 tons diesel fuel
Deck gun: None
Length: 134′ 3″
Power (electric): 360hp
Range (diesel): 1,050 miles @ 12 knots
AA guns: single 20mm  *
Beam: 13′ 6″
Speed (diesel): 13 knots
Range (electric): 35 miles @ 4 knots
Tubes (fwd): three
Draft: 12′ 6″
Speed (electric): 7 knots
Crew: 25 men
Tubes (aft): None
*NOTE – AA armament was increased to twin 20mm when operationally deployed

History of the German Submarine U-1

Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans’ organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere …much of this information is not even known elsewhere.

TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)15 June 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST Nr.SUNK
29 July 1935M2789316 April 1940
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
   * * See belowSW of Stavanger58º 18’N x 05º 47’E

All hands lost – 27 men (see below for the names)

U-1 was commanded by Kapitänleutnant Klaus Ewarth (Class 1925) from 29 June 1935. Ewarth also commanded U-35, U-36, U-26 and U-850 where he was killed in action. The last Skipper of U-1 was Kapitänleutnant Jürgen Deecke.

Other Skippers of U-1 include:
Korvettenkapitän Hans-Günther Loof who also commanded U-122 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Alexandar Gelharr who also commanded U-45 where he was KIA.

We have no record of which U-Bootflottille U-1 was assigned to.

How U-1 was lost remains a mystery today. According to one source, U-1 was sunk by the Royal Navy submarine HMS PORPOISE. The official British History of Submarine Operations states that the attack by HMS PORPOISE was considered a failure. After the war, further research determined that HMS PORPOISE did sink U-1, but then more recent research (in the 1980’s) shows that HMS PORPOISE actually attacked U-3 and not U-1. According to another source, U-1 was the victim of an un-named French submarine and yet another source attributes her loss to striking a mine.

U-1 successfully completed one Feindfahrt (War Patrol) in the North Sea.  She was on her second Feindfahrt, this during the Norway invasion, when she was lost with all hands.

During her short time in the war, U-1 made no attacks and sank no ships.

Men Lost on U-1

LAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANKLAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANK
BauerFritzMtr Ob gfrBaumannErnstOb Mech Mt
BayerGüntherMasch MtBergerKurtOb Funk Mt
CarmonWalterOb MaschChallHelmutMtr Ob Gfr
DeeckeJürgenKapitänleutnantFlierWilhelmOb Masch Mt
FrankeRolfFunk GfrGollHansMasch Mt
HollatzWilhelmMasch MtKeeseHansOblt zS
KeitelHeinrichMasch Ob GfrKöhlerAugustBootsmann Mt
LaeuHelmutMtr Ob GfrLippoldHeinzMtr Ob Gfr
MeyerAlfredOblt INGOttoHeinzSt Ob Strm
PallinJohannesMasch Ob GfrSchollererOttmarFunk Hpt Gfr
SchultzeKurtMasch GfrSchwarzKarlMech Ob Gfr
WeberPaulBootsmann MtWolterPaulMtr Ob Gfr
ZunserOttoMatrosenZunzerOtto BernhardMasch Mt
GrovermannHeinrichMasch Mt

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site. Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-2

The conning tower emblems worn by U-2
                 
As a Frontboot        Emblem of the Schulflottille

TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)1 July 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST Nr.SUNK
25 July 1935M276108 April 1944
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
H. FROSE  (Minesweeper)West of Pillauunknown (salved)

16 men lost – 18 rescued
(see below for names)

The first Skipper of U-2 was Konteradmiral (Rear Admiral, 2 stars) Michahelles from Indienststellung on 25 July.  He also served aboard U-35 and U-36. The only combat Skipper was Kapitänleutnant Helmut Rosenbaum (below right) who also commanded U-73 and with that boat, he sank the 23,6000 ton Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS EAGLE seen below left.

  

After two Feindfahrten (War Patrols) in the North Atlantic under Rosenbaum from 4 April through 15 April 1940 (the Norway Action), U-2 was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based at Pillau as a schulboot (school boat).

When a schulboot, U-2 was assigned to 21. U-Bootflottille based at Pillau.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Fregettenkapitän HEINRICH LIEBE (1670-+-1990) who also commanded U-38;
Korvettenkapitän HERBERT SCHULTZE (191-+-1986) who also commanded U-48;
Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Herglotz who also commanded U-290 and U-1303;
Kapitänleutnant Hans Heidtmann who also commanded U-14, U-21 and U-559 where he was captured;
Kapitänleutnant Werner Schwaff who also commanded U-333 and U-440 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Karl Kolzer who also commanded U-1221;
Korvettenkapitän Georg von Willamowitz-Möllendorf who also commanded U-459 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Schwartzkopf who also commanded U-21 and U-704.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number

     
LIEBE                                                                SCHULTZE

U-2 was lost in accidental collision with the German minesweeper FROSE, raised and decommissioned.
U-2 successfully completed two Feindfahrten (War Patrols) in the North Sea then transferred to the 21. U-Bootflottille.
During her short time in the war, U-2 made no attacks and sank no ships.

LAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANKLAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANK
AlbergHorstMasch MtAlbrechtGeorgFunk Gfr
ApenrothLotharMasch MtBäslerSiegfriedOberfähnrich
BaghornGerhardOberfähnrichBauerHeinrichOberfähnrich
BeinhauerPaulLt z SDerrBertholdMtr Gfr
GeschkeWaldemarLtg INGGoldammerManfredMasch Gfr
HerfurthHerbertMasch GfrHungelingGerhardBootsmann Mt
IckeHeinzMtr GfrKsiesykRichardMasch Mt
MethFranzOb MaschSchmidtDr. JoachimOblt z S

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site. Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-3

The conning tower emblems worn by U-3
    

TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)19 July 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST Nr.SUNK
6 August 1935M01385Not sunk
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
Not sunkNot sunkNot sunk

No men lost

U-3 was commanded by Fregettenkapitän Hans Meckel who went on to command U-19.  The next Skipper was Korvettenkapitän OTTO von BÜLOW (305-+-1987) who went on to command U-404 seen below with his Obersteuermann lighting up their cigars on the bridge of U-404 after a successful Feindfahrt.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Korvettenkapitän Ernst-Günther Heinicke who also commanded U-51, U-53 and U-2561;
Kapitänleutnant Joachim Zander who also commanded U-311 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Joachim Schepke who also commanded U-100 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Gerhard Schreiber who also commanded U-95;
Kapitänleutnant Hans Trojer who also commanded U-221 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See E. Hartmann;
Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Zoller who also commanded U-315;
Oberleutnant zur See Neumeister who also commanded U-291.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number..

     
Schepke                                                             Trojer

In June 1940, U-3 was transferred from combat duty with the 1st U-Bootflottile, then based at Kiel, to the 21st U-Bootflottille where she became a schulboot (school boat). U-3 was decommissioned on 1 August 1944 at Neustadt and was apparently used for cannibalization of parts for other boats. She was surrendered in May 1945 and broken up by the Allies after the war.

During combat operations in the North Sea, U-3 sank the freighter VENDIA and picked up six survivors.  On 16 April 1940 there was an engagement with an unknown British submarine with no damage to either and it is believed that it was HMS PORPOISE.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-3 (Schepke commanding)

DATENAMENATIONTYPEGRT
30 September 1939VENDIADenmarkFreighter1,150 tons
30 September 1939GUNSwedenFreighter1,198 tons
History of the German Submarine U-4
TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)31 July 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST Nr.SUNK
17 August 1935M13167Not sunk
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
Not sunkNot sunkNot sunk

No men lost

The first Skipper of U-4 was Korvettenkapitän Hannes Weingärtner who also commanded U-10, U-16 and U-851 where he was KIA.  However, the first combat Skipper was Oberleutnant zur See Harro von Klot-Heydenfeldt who later commanded U-20 in the Black Sea Fleet (the 30th U-Bootflottille).

On 11 March 1940 command passed to Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Peter Hinsch who also commanded U-140 and U-569.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Kapitänleutnant Bernbeck who also commanded U-10, U-16 and U-851 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See H. Reiger who also commanded U-1205;
Kapitänleutnant Hans-Jürgen Zetsche who also commanded U-20, U-560 and U-591;
Kapitänleutnant Sander who also commanded U-72;
Kapitänleutnant Hans-Wilhelm von Dresky who also commanded U-33 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Friederich Wilhelm Marienfeld who also commanded U-1228;
Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Leimkuhler who also commanded U-225 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Duppe who also commanded U-2505;
Oberleutnant zur See E. Reiger who also commanded U-416 where he was KIA.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters.

U-4 operated off the Norwegian coast 4 September through 14 September 1939; and again from 19 September through 29 September 1939.  Her last combat patrol covered 11 March through 14 April 1940 before she was transferred from combat duty to a training flotilla where she became a schulboot (school boat).

U-4 was decommissioned on 1 August 1944 and surrendered to the Allies in May of 1945.  She was broken up by the Allies after the war.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-4 (von Klot-Heydenfeldt commanding)

DATENAMENATIONTYPEGRT
22 September 1939MARTI  RAGNARFinlandFreighter2,262 tons
23 September 1939WALMAFinlandFreighter1,361 tons
24 September 1939GERTRUD  BRATTSwedenFreighter1,510 tons

SHIPS SUNK BY U-4 (Hinsch commanding)

DATENAMENATIONTYPEGRT
10 April 1940HMS  THISTLEEnglandSubmarine1,090 tons


                                 HMS THISTLE (N 24)

History of the German Submarine U-5
TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)14 August 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST NrSUNK
31 August 1935M2852719 March 1943
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
Diving accidentWest of Pillau54º 25’N x 19º 50’E

 

21 men lost (see list below)

Commanders of U-5 include:

LAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANKFROMTOOTHER BOATSCOMMENTS
DauRolfKK31 Aug 1935
FriederichKarlOblt z.S.U-74KIA aboard U-74
PresselKarlKpltU-60 and U-951
KIA aboard U-951
MohsHans-DieterKplt>U-60 and U-956
GlattesGerhardKKU-39POW from U-39
KutschmannKpltU-54KIA aboard U-54
LEHMANN-WILLENBROCKHEINRICHKplt9 March 1940U-96 and U-256
BotheFriederich-WilhelmKpltU-101 and U-447KIA aboard U-447
RahnHermannOblt z.S.KIA aboard U-5

 


HEINRICH LEHMANN-WILLENBROCK (120-+-1985)

 

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number

U-5 operated in the Kategat and in the North Sea. On 11 April 1940, U-5 engaged a British submarine with no apparent outcome. She was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat).

During her time in combat, U-5 made no attacks and sank no ships.

 

Men lost on U-5

LAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANKLAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANK
BremerHansMech MtBunteKurtMasch Ogfr
DietlenHans-UlrichLt INGFellersmannHeinrichLt ING
FröhlichHansMasch OgfrKoebeleAlfredBootsmann
KreikenbaumWernerMasch MtLeohardtKarl HeinzMatrosen
MelcherMartinMasch GfrMüllerKurtMtr Ogfr
PantelKurtMtr GfrRahnHermannLt z.S.
RehkateFriederich WilhelmOberfähnrichSchaarGustavFähnrich
SchneiderErwinMtr GfrSchorerHelmutOber Masch
SeibKarlStrm MtStielerGerhardMasch Mt
UdeHermannOberfähnrichUlrichBrunoFunkmaat
WalterAdolfObersteuermann

The boat was lost to a diving accident in the Bay of Danzig.  From the relatively high number of Fähnrich and Oberfähnrich aboard, it appears that this was an officer training class for Fähnrich (midshipmen) who would eventually move up to be officers.

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-6
TYPEBUILDERLAUNCHED
II-ADeutsche Werft (Kiel)21 August 1935
COMMISSIONEDFELDPOST Nr.SUNK
7 September 1935M00130Not sunk
SUNK BYLOCATION SUNKPOSITION SUNK
Not sunkNot sunkNot sunk

No men lost

Commanders of U-6 include:

LAST NAMEFIRST NAMERANKFROMTOOTHER BOATSCOMMENTS
MathesLudwigKKU-9 and U-44
KIA aboard U-44
MatzJoachimOblt zS4 April 1940U-59 and U-70
SchneeAdalbertOblt zS4 April 1940U-60, U-201 and U-2511
LEIBEHEINRICHKKtrainingU-38 and U-332
MichalowskiHans BernhardKKtrainingU-62
BobstEberhardKKtrainingU-597KIA aboard U-597
HeidelWernerKplttrainingU-7 and U-55KIA aboard U-55
BrüninghausKplttrainingU-148 and U-1059
NiethmannOblt zStrainingU-476 and U-3507
JUSTPAULKplttrainingU-151 and U-546
HarmsOttoKplttrainingU-56, U-121 and U-464
PetersGeorgKKtrainingU-8, U-11 and U-38
KönigA.Oblt zStraining
HeitzHorstOblt zStrainingU-792 and U-1407
Jestel

   
Schnee             LIEBE (1670-+-1990)               PAUL JUST (206-+-1986)

 

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

  
Crew of U-6                                                                     U-6 Crew and Instructors

The first Skipper of U-6 was KK Ludwig Mathes but the first combat commander was Joachim Matz.  U-6 was attached to the 1st U-Bootflottille which was then based in Kiel.  She initially patrolled in the Kattegat and off Southern Norway while under command of Matz and probably patrolled the same areas under Schnee.

U-6 was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat) then decommissioned 7 August 1944 and probably cannibalized and her parts used to keep other boats operating.  What was left of her was surrendered to the Allies at the end of the war and broken up for scrap.

  

During her time in combat, U-6 made no attacks and sank no ships.

Acknowledgements

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

Many thanks to our good friend and Sharkhunters Member since 1987 GEORG HÖGEL (240-LIFE-1987)for all the conning tower emblems used in our monthly KTB Magazine and also here on the pages of our website. GEORG was Funkmaat (radioman) aboard U-30, the first boat into combat, the first to sink a ship (the liner ATHENIA) and the first into an occupied French port.  When that Skipper (Lemp) took command of U-110, GEORG was one of the former crew to transfer to the new boat under Lemp.  After the war, he was Professor of Art at a major German university.

GEORG HÖGEL